lunes, 27 de marzo de 2017

G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub


G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub
Meresankh, of whom the preliminary red outline sketch can still be seen, is facing to the left. Her short wig (or perhaps natural hair) extends down to the back of her neck. She is wearing a broad necklace and choker (only just visible), as well as bracelets on both wrists, and anklets. She is clothed in long white dress with broad shoulder straps, her right breast being revealed (probably to portray her femininity). Her right hand is held over her left breast. Note should be made of her aquiline nose and slightly thickened chin. Above her head is an inscription in four columns: "The king's daughter of his body, the beholder of Horus and Seth, companion of Horus, Meresankh."
The very small image of a child, standing at her feet, should also be noted.
This small boy, with red skin, and naked except for a necklace and bracelets, stands on the far side of Meresankh’s feet. Associated with this small image are two columns of inscription (in red and yellow) identifying the figure as: "The king's son of his body, Duwa-Re". Thus he is a son of Khephren (see cm-090-03). The substantial difference in size between these figures of Meresankh and the boy shown on both pillars is not unusual, even though out of proportion, and is repeated on the adjoining west wall (
However, neither the representations, nor the inscriptions, are in relief, unlike those of other secondary figures in the chapel.
G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub
osiris,net.net

G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub

G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub




The queen's name is sometimes transcribed as Mersyankh, meaning "the Living One loves her". Nevertheless, the version Meresankh, "she loves life", is almost universally adopted.
• Her father was prince Kawab, eldest son of Kheops by the queen Merytytes I, to whom the mastabas G7110+20 is customarily attributed.
• Her mother was Hetepheres II, Her mother was Hetepheres II, a daughter of Kheops, who therefore married her biological brother. Four children of this couple are known: Duaenhor, Kaemsekhem, Mindjedef and Meresankh herself. Kawab should have succeeded Kheops as king, but he predeceased him. Hetepheres II was to become queen by remarriage — to her stepbrother Djedefre, who acceeded to the throne upon the death of Kheops. However, after a reign of only eight years, he died without an heir, and so the throne passed to another son of Kheops, Kephren. The transmission of power seems to have occurred without any difficulty.
Hetepheres II must have been a very important person, to whom her daughter Meresankh probably owed everything, which would explain the allusions to her all over the the chapel of her daughter.
G7530-40, the double-mastaba of Meresankh III and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub
osirisnet.net

sábado, 25 de marzo de 2017

Terracotta figurine of the god Bes

Terracotta figurine of the god Bes
Terracotta figurine of the god Bes standing on a high trapezium-shaped base. The figure has a feathered crown, a legionary's uniform with raised sword, and a shield with a rounded border.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 209 (n. cat. 272)
Dating GRAECO-ROMAN PERIOD
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category HUMAN FIGURINE
Material POTTERY
Technique BURNED
Height 24 cm
Width 10 cm
http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/detail.aspx?id=11734
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993

Fragment of limestone stela

Fragment of limestone stela
Fragment of a round-topped limestone stela showing the upper parts of two figures, a shaven-headed man and a woman, facing left with their arms raised in worship before a god, missing except for one of his hands holding a was sceptre. Above the figures is an incomplete hieroglyphic text in five vertical columns, separated by carved lines.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 45 (n. cat. 67)
Dating NEW KINGDOM
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category RELIEF
Material SANDSTONE
Technique HEWN
Height 38 cm
Width 27 cm
http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/detail.aspx?id=12009
Translation
(May he give?) a beautiful tomb
in Thebes, for the Ka of
the overseer of craftsmen
Ipi (and for the) Lady of the House (...)
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993

Statuette from a model scene

Statuette from a model scene
Brown-painted wooden statuette of a standing male figure, originally part of a model scene. The arms were made separately and the tools originally held in the hands are now missing. The short hair was painted black and the skirt white.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 416 (n. cat. 144)
Dating MIDDLE KINGDOM ?
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category HUMAN FIGURINE
Material WOOD
Technique SCULPTURED
Height 39.5 cm
Width 10 cm
http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/detail.aspx?id=11988
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993

Head of dwarf

Head of dwarf
Head of statuette, carefully sculpted in fine-grained sandstone, representing a dwarf (pataikos). The suspension ring for the amulet is at the back of the neck.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 357 (n. cat. 84)
Dating LATE PERIOD
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category HUMAN FIGURINE
Material SANDSTONE
Technique HEWN
Height 2.3 cm
Width 2 cm
http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/detail.aspx?id=11922
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993

Funerary mask


Funerary mask painted yellow and representing a human face with some physiognomic details still clear. Part of the usekh collar can still be seen, continuing what was drawn on the mummy shroud. On the shoulders are two falcon's heads with Atef-crowns. On the back, on the wig, is a winged solar deity (Maat?) holding maat feathers in both hands. The deity is flanked by two short vertical texts on a light background.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 423 (n. cat. 216)
Dating PTOLEMAIC PERIOD
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category MASK
Material PLASTER
Technique STUCCO
Height 35 cm
Width 25 cm
http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/detail.aspx?id=11813
Translation
Words spoken by Isis the great.
Words spoken by Nephthys. May she give Eternity.
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993